Plasma

The Fourth State Of Matter

Plasma is the fourth state of matter, with the other three being solid, liquid and gas. It can be thought of being an ionised gas, that is a gas ionized gas, a gas into which sufficient energy is provided to free electrons from neutral atoms or molecules and to allow both ions and electrons to coexist. Auroras and lightning are examples of naturally occurring plasmas.

On Earth, naturally occurring plasmas are uncommon but scientists have learned how to generate plasma and utilise their unique properties for a range of applications.

Plasma Technology

Despite the relative short history of man-made plasmas (the term plasma was only introduced in the last century), plasma engineering underpins many of the technologies modern societies enjoy today, from integrated circuits for computers and phones to thrusters for spacecraft propulsion.

Plasma is the workhorse of the semiconductor industry and has enabled its exponential growth during the past few decades. In addition, plasma has enabled other multi-million dollar industries such as energy efficient lighting and large area displays. A recent market research predicts that the market of technological plasmas will reach USD 2.91 billion by 2021.

Plasma and Zayndu

Based on years of R&D, Zayndu brings to market state-of-the-art plasma technologyt that delivers a truly organic, free from toxic chemicals, seed disinfection solution.

The New Plasma Revolution

Traditionally, plasmas have been used to modify inert substrates such as silicon wafers in controlled environments under vacuum conditions. However, recent advancements in the generation of plasmas at atmospheric pressure and low temperature have enabled the development of new applications in which liquids and biological samples can be brought in contact with plasma.

This has led to the emergence of new disciplines such as plasma medicine and plasma agriculture, which are rapidly growing and have the potential to disrupt current practices in the near future.